Understanding hormonal acne

Published 05/22/2020, by ,

Hormonal acne refers to acne in adult women. This name can be criticized because the origins of acne are often hormonal, like during puberty.

Acne is a pathology of the pilosebaceous follicle. These follicles are the area of hair formation, associated with our sebaceous glands that produce sebum. Acne results from a combination of 3 factors: hypersecretion of sebum by the sebaceous glands, obstruction of the hair follicles, and inflammation of these follicles.

The secretion of sebum is influenced by certain hormones: androgens and progesterone which activate the sebaceous glands.

At puberty, acne is almost physiological, due to the hormonal upheaval experienced during this period.
In adulthood, acne is often influenced by the female menstrual cycle, during which hormones fluctuate. When progesterone dominates, pimples are more likely to appear: this is especially the case during the 4th week.

This type of acne is characterized by its cyclical nature and inflammation. These blemishes are commonly located around the lower face, along the jawline, and on the chin.

Although adult acne often has a genetic origin, certain contraceptive pills may also be to blame. Some are called "progestin-only": that is, like progesterone, they can activate the sebaceous glands and cause pimples. In order to determine the origin of your acne, we recommend consulting your dermatologist who will be able to advise you.

As with all types of acne, a gentle, deep cleansing is essential to regulate sebum and remove particles that can clog your pores. Also, make sure your routine is free of comedogenic (pore-clogging) products.

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