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Folliculitis: How effective is Mandelic Acid?

Folliculitis: How effective is Mandelic Acid?

Mandelic acid is a type of alpha-hydroxy acid, also known as AHA. Whether naturally derived or synthetically produced, this gentle acid is favored in the care of delicate skin. It has numerous benefits, including proven effects on folliculitis. Let's focus on the action of mandelic acid on folliculitis.

What is Mandelic Acid?

Known by its INCI name mandelic acid, mandelic acid is an AHA, just like glycolic acid, citric acid, lactic acid, tartaric acid, and malic acid. This fruit acid is naturally present in bitter almonds. These grow on the wild almond tree. Unlike the sweet almond, it is not edible. The synthetic form of mandelic acid is particularly used in cosmetology. In this case, it is obtained through green chemistry, from certain toxic substances, including sodium cyanide.

Mandelic acid has a high molecular size. Its molecular mass of 152.14 g/mol gives it its power for sensitive skin. Indeed, it remains on the skin's surface. It exfoliates superficially, gradually and gently, layer by layer. As a result, it improves the skin's appearance without causing any side effects.

What is Folliculitis?

Folliculitis is a benign and common skin disease. It is characterized by the inflammation of hair follicles. These follicles are pouches located in the skin where hair and fur grow. The infection of the hair follicles is due to a type of golden staphylococcus. Secondary in nature, folliculitis is caused by viruses, fungi, or physical trauma to the follicles. Once bacteria infect a follicle, or if it becomes blocked, it swells and turns red. This subsequently causes itching and uncomfortable sensations. Crusts may appear. The skin is left in a flaky state.

Folliculitis notably manifests itself on the scalp, face, chest, back, armpits, and legs.

How does mandelic acid work to combat folliculitis?

In the fight against folliculitis, mandelic acid utilizes its proven properties against bacteria and inflammation, as well as its exfoliating benefits. The accumulation of dead skin cells, bacteria, and dirt on the skin results in an uneven texture to the touch. Thanks to its exfoliating properties, mandelic acid removes dead cells present on the superficial layers of the skin. It performs a controlled peeling to leave a fresh skin effect. Referred to as "peeling like", this action contributes to the acceleration of the natural cell regeneration process. The accelerated re-epithelialization allows new cells to integrate the surface of the epidermis, which eliminates the spots and discomfort left by folliculitis.

Similar to other AHAs, mandelic acid has an effect against inflammatory reactions. Thus, it reduces erythema and excessive pigmentation caused by folliculitis.

Furthermore, its proven effects against bacteria allow it to inhibit the staphylococci responsible for folliculitis. Thus, mandelic acid prevents infections and potential imperfections caused by folliculitis, including pimples, blackheads, and brown spots.

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