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Comment se créer une routine de soins visage ?

How to build a skincare routine

With the volume of skincare products out there, it’s a good idea to create a skincare routine to regularly look after your skin. The order in which you use each product will affect its effectiveness. We can help you to design the perfect skincare routine for your skin.

Published November 9, 2022, by La rédaction, — 13 min read

Why should you start a skincare routine?

A skincare routine consists of the products you need to use to take care of your skin, morning and night. Your skin protects you from external irritants (sun, pollution, wind, etc…)  everyday, and it needs the right products to help it renew itself and prevent any issues, or even to help fix any problems it already has. Plus, a skincare routine helps to hydrate your skin, reducing the appearance of the first signs of aging.

The basic steps for putting together a skincare routine.

To create your skincare routine, first follow these essential steps, no matter what your skin type:

  1. Cleansing:

    The first, and most important, step of any skincare routine is cleansing. At the end of the day, your skin is covered in dust, pollution particles, dead skin cells and other impurities which accumulate throughout the day. These can block your pores, leading to imperfections (blackheads, spots, etc…) or dull skin. Plus, a properly cleansed face is the starting point for the rest of your skincare routine. Use a gentle cleanser, designed for your skin’s needs, because if your skin gets irritated it will start to overproduce sebum, which will lead to redness and imperfections.

    If you wear makeup during the day, or even if you want to get rid of any traces of products you used in the morning, try a double cleanse by adding a makeup remover before your cleanser (makeup remover balm, micellar water, makeup remover oil, etc…). If you’ve cleansed properly the night before, in the mornings you can just swipe some toner or hydrolate over your face with a cotton pad to avoid damaging your skin’s hydrolipidic film which forms through the night. We especially recommend this approach for those with dry or sensitive skin.

    Pro tip: Not compulsory, but you can finish off the cleansing step with a toner or hydrolate to remove any final traces of impurities, and rebalance your skin’s pH by neutralizing the drying effect of the limestone found in the tap water you’ve used to rinse your face.

  2. Hydration:

    Your skin needs a certain amount of moisture to stay healthy. All skin types, even oily skin, need hydration. A protective layer helps to keep your skin’s natural moisture and ensure it stays hydrated all day long. A good moisturizer should contain humectants, which are compounds that are able to penetrate the dermis to attract and retain water molecules thanks to their hygroscopic properties (glycerine, hyaluronic acid, urea, propylene glycol, provitamin B5, etc…); emollients, which help to soften the skin and protect its natural barrier (fatty acids, ceramides, etc..); and occlusives, which form a film on the surface of your skin to physically limit water loss and prevent it from becoming dehydrated (oils, butters, waxes). For dry skin, use a moisturizer with a thicker texture, with high levels of emollients and occlusives, whereas for oily skin, use a lighter moisturizer to avoid having shiny skin throughout the day.

  3. Sun protection:

    This step is indispensable if you want to keep your skin healthy in the long term. There are different formulations, but sun protection products are designed to protect your skin from UV rays and blue light from screens, both responsible for skin aging. A product with SPF helps to reduce your skin’s exposure to harmful UVA and UVB rays, and so limits the issues they can cause. The sun can aggravate skin concerns (acne, pigmentation marks, rosacea, etc…) and accelerate skin aging by causing the synthesis of free radicals which target the cell membrane and degrade your skin’s collagen, leading to wrinkles.

Creating a personalized skincare routine for your skin’s needs.

Once you have your basic routine in place, you can personalize it according to your preferences and your skin concerns (dilated pores, pigmentation marks, dull complexion, wrinkles, redness, blackheads, etc…) by introducing specific products to take targeted action:

  • If you have imperfections such as blocked or dilated pores, use a product with azelaic acid, lactic acid, salicylic acid, gluconolactone (gentler than AHAs) or glycolic acid, all of which can help to avoid blocked pores, prevent blackheads from forming, make pores less visible, and exfoliate your skin for a more even complexion. You can supplement this with a product with niacinamide or zinc PCA, which help to control sebum production. If you suffer with breakouts, add a product with antibacterial and anti inflammatory properties, like our targeted blemish serum, into your skincare routine, 

  • If your skin is showing signs of aging, vitamin C and its derivatives, like coenzyme Q10, peptides and retinoids, are some of the best active ingredients to help with these issues. These ingredients boost your fibroblasts’ collagen production and protect your skin against free radicals, which are responsible for premature aging. You can also incorporate products containing ingredients with keratolytic properties into your beauty routine, like our exfoliating serum with glycolic acid, or our gentle peeling serum with lactic acid.

  • If you have pigmentation marks on your face, use products containing azelaic acid, tranexamic acid, arbutin acid, licorice extract or niacinamide in your skincare routine. These active molecules are able to directly inhibit the melanogenesis process (melanin production) at different stages (tyrosinase synthesis, tyrosinase activation, the transfer of melanin by melanosomes to keratinocytes, etc…). Finish by using an exfoliating product. Peeling ingredients help to destroy the links between the most superficial cells in your skin, to reorganize the epidermis by encouraging desquamation (shedding) and rapid dispersion of melanin within the keratinocytes.

  • If you suffer from redness caused by dilated blood vessels in your skin at the dermis layer, then this could be because you have issues with the barrier function of your epidermis. In order to better heal itself, your skin needs water, and so needs to stay hydrated. Use products which target inflammation and help to repair and maintain your skin’s natural barrier, including those which contain niacinamide, polyglutamic acid, ceramides, or Centella asiatica extract, all of which help to soothe inflammation and improve your skin’s hydration by strengthening its lipidic layer.

Here at Typology we want to make your life easier, so we’ve used our scientific methodology to put together a skincare diagnostic, which specifies 24 different skin types. If you’d like a personalized skincare routine designed to meet your skin’s needs, take our skincare diagnostic and answer a few questions about your skin and its specific concerns.

Patience, regularity and adaptability are key for an effective skincare routine.

Your skin changes according to your surroundings, the seasons, or your emotions. Clearly, the cold and wind in winter and the sun in summer present different issues. For example, during winter your skin produces fewer lipids, so is more sensitive to external irritants (cold, wind, etc…), and has a tendency to dehydrate more easily, meaning that your skin needs a more nourishing and hydrating day cream. On the other hand, in summer, you should choose a lighter moisturizer to avoid the feeling of oily or heavy skin. So, consider adapting your skincare routine according to the seasons and the weather.

However, before abandoning or changing your skincare routine by introducing or replacing a product, be patient and rigorously consistent with your routine, regardless of skin type, and especially if you want to see optimal results quickly. Depending on which products you choose and the type of issues you want to address, you’ll see the first results from within a few hours to several months.

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