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Procédé d'obtention huile de nigelle.

Black Seed Oil: How is it produced?

A symbol of the Middle East, the nigella or "black cumin" is a plant with small blue flowers. Known for their therapeutic benefits, its black seeds produce an oil with numerous virtues for the skin. Discover how nigella oil used in cosmetic care is extracted.

Published June 19, 2023, updated on June 28, 2024, by Pauline, Head of Scientific Communication — 3 min read

What is black seed oil?

Nigella is an aromatic plant known since antiquity in North Africa, Egypt, and also the Middle East. Also called black cumin, this plant from the Ranunculaceae family is particularly renowned in traditional medicine for its therapeutic virtues. The oil obtained from its seeds presents itself as an orange liquid, emitting a slightly bitter spicy scent, naturally reminiscent of black cumin seeds.

The biochemical composition of black seed oil endows it with several cosmetic properties beneficial for the skin and hair. This natural ingredient is particularly recognized for its antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, moisturizing, and healing virtues.

The extraction of black seed oil in cosmetics: cold pressing.

There are several species of nigella. The most commonly used in cosmetics is the Nigella sativa. Nigella oil can be obtained through various extraction techniques. However, cold pressing remains the gentlest method and is ideal for preserving all the active ingredients contained in nigella seeds. It is carried out without raising the temperature or adding solvent. The following steps are followed to perform a cold press:

  1. After the harvest of the seeds, which typically occurs in late July to early August, these are cleaned with a dry clothin order to remove any potential impurities attached to their surface. Similarly, the cold press is cleaned and then sterilized.

  2. The seeds are then placed into the oil collector, without overloading it, and are mechanically pressed flat to extract the oil. To perform the extraction, the temperature should not exceed 77°F, so as not to oxidize and degrade the oil. In the context of cold pressing, a screw press is used to push the kernel into a barrel-shaped cavity. The screw compresses the kernel and the oil comes out through the openings, while the pressing residues (cake) remain in the barrel. For your information, 1 kg of black cumin seeds can yield about 200 to 250 ml of black seed oil.

  3. The oil thus collected is filtered to remove impurities and unwanted particles. This results in a purer oil. The black seed oil is then stored in opaque, airtight containers to protect it from light, oxygen, and moisture, factors that can degrade its quality.


  • AL-FARGA A. & al. A Narrative Review on Various Oil Extraction Methods, Encapsulation Processes, Fatty Acid Profiles, Oxidative Stability, and Medicinal Properties of Black Seed ( Nigella sativa). Foods (2022).


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