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Apaiser coups de soleil.

How to soothe a sunburn?

Sunburns, which are essentially skin burns, lead to unfortunate consequences for the skin: redness, itching, and pain. When the burn is severe, blisters can appear along with general symptoms such as fever or headaches. Various solutions exist to soothe a sunburn. Discover them in our article.

Summary
Published February 6, 2024, by Sandrine, Head of Scientific Communication — 5 min read

Sunburn, an inflammatory response of the skin.

UVB radiation, which penetrates the dermis minimally, is responsible for tanning and sunburns, also known as actinic erythema. On the skin, a sunburn manifests as a burn causing redness, pain with itching (pruritus), and the possible appearance of blisters (phlyctenae). This reaction appears 8 to 24 hours after exposure. There are several levels of burns following sun exposure. The healing duration of a sunburn will depend on the severity of the burn.

It is important to note that sunburn can occur without direct exposure to the sun. Indeed, UVB rays are present regardless of the weather, and they are reflected by water, sand, and snow.

Sunburns increase the risk ofpremature skin agingand of developing skin cancers, particularly melanomas, due to UVA and UVB rays which are genotoxic (the ability of radiation to compromise the physical or functional integrity of the genome). There are various measures to adopt in order to soothe the pain caused by a sunburn.

The right actions to take after a sunburn.

Sources:

  • BERTHELEMY S. Conseil à un patient se plaignant d'un coup de soleil. Actualités Pharmaceutiques (2013).

  • YUENG H. & al. Sunburn frequency and risk and protective factors : a cross-sectional survey. Dermatology Online Journal (2021).

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