Internal and external causes:
Insect bites, acne, repeated rubbing of clothes on the skin, allergic reactions, use of non-adapted cosmetics, stress, hormonal fluctuations (menstrual cycles, non-adapted contraception, menopause…), bad diet, various infections (warts, chicken pox…), certain pathologies (Degos disease, lichen plan…).
Preventative steps to take:
Papules on the face can be prevented by regularly cleaning makeup brushes, sponges, and makeup removal pads; do not touch or remove blackheads; use non-comedogenic skin care products; exfoliate your skin once a week.
How to reduce or eliminate:
To treat papule pimples, consult a dermatologist; dermatological treatments (laser, electric scalpel, liquid nitrogen…); prescription of a local treatment based on benzoyl peroxide, salicylic acid or retinoids; in case of allergy, corticoid-based creams can sometimes be recommended to soothe the lesions.
A papule pimple is an inflammatory skin element characterized by a swelling with a solid consistency, i.e., containing neither liquid nor pus, of small size (1 to 4 mm in size) and of pink to red color. It can be round, oval or more irregularly shaped, and sometimes painful. This kind of pimple can be caused by a multitude of dermatological conditions, for example infection of blackheads by a bacterium (Propionibacterium acnes). On the other hand, papules can affect any part of the body, including the mucous membranes during certain diseases. However, depending on where they originate, there are two main types of lesions: epidermal papules (which develop in the epidermis) and dermal papules (which develop deeper, in the dermis).