This refers to the I.N.C.I. name used to denote theJava citronella hydrosol. Rich in antibacterial monoterpenols, this compound is renowned for its sanitizing action on the skin. Moreover, its acidic pH helps to reduce pore size. It is therefore particularly recommended for acne-prone skin to prevent the appearance of blackheads and comedones.
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What is lemongrass hydrosol?
Also known as "Indian verbena", Java citronella belongs to the Poaceae family. This plant is sterile, without flowering. As soon as the leaves are crushed, a distinctly lemony fragrance is released.
Before its introduction to Europe in the 19th century, the British and Dutch engaged in extensive maritime trade of it, as its fragrance was highly valued by the nobility. In exotic countries, Java citronella is still used today as a mosquito repellent; it is thus planted around homes.
From its long, narrow leaves with sharp edges, essential oil and hydrosol are extracted through steam distillation. This process involves carrying the aromatic molecules or volatile constituents (the essential oil) with the steam, then cooling this vapor which condenses in the essencier to produce the hydrosol. The latter is primarily composed ofgeraniol, citronellal, citral, geranial, neral, and alpha-thujene.
Unlike essential oil, there are no contraindications for the external use of lemongrass hydrosol. It can be used by pregnant and/or breastfeeding women as well as children. Sensitive to oxidation, it should be stored for 6 months after opening, preferably in the refrigerator. If you notice a change in appearance or smell, stop using your hydrosol.
The cosmetic virtues of Java lemongrass hydrosol.
When applied topically, Java citronella hydrosol helps to reduce skin imperfections; it is recommended for oily skin as well as acne-prone skin. Indeed, it has a purifying and astringent effect. Due to its slightly acidic pH, it visibly tightens the pores. It regulates sebum production and mattifies oily skin that tends to shine. Moreover, its anti-bacterial activity helps to limit the proliferation of microorganisms involved in acne such as P. acnes. Because of these virtues, this hydrosol is combined with glycolic acid in our exfoliating toner. Highly concentrated, this lotion helps to tighten the pores and remove dead cells for smoother and more unified skin. The deep-cleansing action of glycolic acid effectively eliminates blackheads.
Other Potential Uses : The hydrosol of Java lemongrass reduces unpleasant body odors. Therefore, it can be used as a gentle and natural deodorant. Regarding its application to hair, its content of monoterpenols allows it to soften the hair and revive its shine. As a sebum-regulator, it also fights against oily hair and potential dandruff.
CANAC P. & al. Traité d'aromathérapie scientifique et médicale, les hydrolats (1st ed.). Edition : Sang de la Terre (2018).