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Tout savoir sur l'huile d'argan

What you need to know about argan vegetable oil.

Argan is the fruit of the argan tree, an ancient tree that primarily thrives in the arid regions of southwestern Morocco. It produces an oval fruit about the size of a walnut, containing pulp and a kernel. From this kernel, almonds are extracted, which are traditionally ground and cold-pressed to produce argan oil. It is often referred to as "liquid gold" by ancient populations, due to its therapeutic and cosmetic benefits.

Summary
Published February 9, 2024, by Sandrine, Head of Scientific Communication — 7 min read

What is Argan?

The argan tree, botanically known as Argania spinosa, primarily grows in the southwest of Morocco. In its native region, the plantations are grouped together and referred to as argan groves ; they span nearly 83,000 km2. As the argan tree is classified as an endangered species, it has been listed in the heritage forest of humanity by UNESCO since 1999.

The fruits of the argan tree ripen in the spring and fall to the ground between the months of June and July. They are harvested and sun-dried before being depulped. Within these fruits are kernels, each containing one to three seeds known as arganons. From these almonds, the oil in question is extracted by first cold pressing. It possesses nourishing and protective properties; thus, it is recommended for the care of dry and dehydrated skin and hair.

Today, globally recognized for its numerous benefits, argan oil (I.N.C.I.: Argania Spinosa Kernel Oil) represents a significant economic asset for Morocco. Local production companies, organized in a network around an Economic Interest Group (EIG), have received several certifications such as the Protected Geographical Indication (PGI) and the Ecocert Organic in 2014. It's worth noting the exponential growth of Israeli argan oil in recent years.

Note: in skincare and haircare, argan can also be introduced in the form of an extract (I.N.C.I.: Argania Spinosa Kernel Extract). The properties of this ingredient remain substantially similar to those of the vegetable oil: the extract is also softening, nourishing, and emollient.

What are the benefits of argan oil on the skin?

Rich in polyunsaturated essential fatty acids (linoleic acid), monounsaturated (oleic acid), saturated (palmitic acid, stearic acid), sterols (spinasterol, schottenol, campesterol), as well as vitamin E (tocopherols and tocotrienols), argan oil is valued for its multiple properties.

  • Moisturizing and nourishing properties.

    Its content of omega-6 and omega-9 provides nutrition and elasticity to the skin, and prevents dehydration by strengthening the barrier function of the epidermis. As a reminder, the hydrolipidic film improves the resistance of the horny layer against external aggressions and limits insensible water loss. Argan vegetable oil is thus recommended for taking care of dry and dehydrated skin.

  • As an antioxidant, it combats skin aging caused by the frequent attacks of free radicals.

    As a reminder, free radicals are reactive oxygen species naturally produced by the body. However, when cells are faced with a stress, they produce them excessively. Stress sources are numerous, the main ones being exposure to UVA, pollution, smoking, and a diet too rich in fats and/or sugars. Free radicals are particularly unstable molecules due to their single electron. They tend to react with other molecules to form a pair of electrons, and thus cause damage to cells, DNA, and proteins in the body. This accelerates aging and wrinkles appear on the skin surface. Argan oil contains natural anti-radical compounds such as vitamin E and squalene. They donate an electron to free radicals, stabilize them, and thus prevent them from causing harm and accelerating the natural aging of the epidermis.

  • A restorative and healing treatment.

    The linoleic acid in this vegetable oilpromotes the regeneration of skin cells and acceleratesthe healing process.

Gentle and non-allergenic, argan oil is well tolerated by all skin types. It does not have any contraindications. It is suitable for pregnant and breastfeeding women, as well as babies and young children.

What are the benefits of argan oil for hair?

Argan oil nourishes the hair. It is recommended for moisturizing dry and dull hair. Rich in vitamin E, it also protects the hair from external aggressions (pollution, sun, cigarette smoke...) that generate an overproduction of free radicals. This phenomenon, known as oxidative stress, is a factor associated with the deterioration of hair fibers, the appearance of white hair, and even hair loss. Argan oil and the molecules it contains neutralize these free radicals to prevent them from causing damage and to maintain good hair quality for as long as possible.

Due to its nourishing properties for damaged hair fibers and hair, this natural compound is present in the following formulas:

  • Thehair nourishing rich oil: This treatment nourishes and restructures the hair fiber and protects from heat. The hair becomes soft, shiny, and manageable.

  • The detangling cream with an amino acid complex and argan oil strengthens and smooths the hair to facilitate styling.

  • Therepairing dry hair oilalso containsaçaí oilandhibiscus. It strengthens, nourishes, and protects the hair fiber without weighing down the hair. It restores shine and softness to the hair.

  • Our beard oil contains several plant-based oils including hemp, castor, argan and sunflower oils. It also contains mandarin peel essential oil as well as Scots pine needle essential oil. The latter gives this oil a fresh forest and pine sap fragrance.

Source:

  • CHARROUF Z. & al. Argan oil and other argan products: Use in dermocosmetology. European Journal of Lipid Science and Technology (2011).

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