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Huile de soja bienfaits cutanés.

The benefits of soybean oil for the skin.

Originally used exclusively in the culinary field, soybean oil now holds a prominent place in the cosmetic industry and is frequently used to formulate new skincare products. What are the benefits that make this vegetable oil so successful? Here is an overview of the skin properties of soybean oil.

Soybean oil promotes skin hydration.

Soybean oil, or Glycine Soja Oil as it is known by its INCI name, is a vegetable oil highly regarded for its moisturizing properties. These properties are derived from its biochemical composition , particularly its richness in oleic acid. This omega-9 plays a key role in skin hydration as it is part of the hydrolipidic film. This is a layer composed of a water-fat mixture present on the surface of the epidermis, which helps to protect it from certain external aggressions such as wind or cold.

The moisturizing virtues of soybean oil also allow it to slow down the aging of the skin, and more specifically to prevent dehydration fine lines. These small superficial streaks tend to appear in your twenties, particularly around the eyes and lips, where the skin is thinnest. By providing good hydration to these areas, soybean oil helps to delay their onset.

Soybean oil helps to nourish the skin.

Dry skin, feelings of tightness, rough touch... These issues are well known to people with dry or atopic-prone skin. Fortunately, solutions exist to restore comfort to the skin. Rich in linoleic acid, a fatty acid that contributes to the formation of the skin's waterproof barrier, soybean oil helps to nourish the skin and provides it with the lipids it needs.

Studies have indeed shown that a deficiency in linoleic acid leads to the weakening of the epidermal barrier and an increase in the transepidermal water loss (TEWL). This then increases skin dryness and irritations. Regular application of soybean oil can help prevent these discomforts.

Soybean oil protects the skin from oxidative stress.

In addition to protecting the skin by keeping it hydrated, soybean oil has a antioxidant activity that allows it to counteract the damage caused by free radicals, which are responsible for premature skin aging. Generated following exposure to UV rays, pollution, or tobacco, these reactive molecules contribute to the alteration of protein structure, leading to skin damage (wrinkles, skin sagging, hyperpigmentation). The antioxidant properties of soybean oil come from its high content of vitamin E, a compound capable of converting hydrogen peroxide into water before it attacks cellular constituents.

Soybean oil combats hyperpigmentation.

Extended exposure to the sun, hormonal fluctuations, or prolonged skin inflammation are factors that can disrupt melanogenesis and lead to the appearance of pigmented spots. Although harmless, this hyperpigmentation impacts the uniformity of the skin tone and can be a source of discomfort or insecurity. Certain active ingredients have demonstrated depigmenting properties that are beneficial in reducing these marks.

Among these, we find soybean oil, capable ofinhibiting the activation of the PAR-2 receptor. This causes a decrease in the phagocytosis of melanosomes by keratinocytes, the cells of the stratum corneum. The transfer of melanin from the deep producing cells of the skin to the cells of the superficial layer is thus reduced, as is skin pigmentation.

Soybean oil provides flexibility and elasticity to the skin.

Soybean oil is also credited with a tightening effect, highly sought after in the formulation of skincare products for mature skin. Indeed, studies have shown that this active ingredient stimulates the synthesis of collagen, elastin, and fibrillin-1, proteins found in the connective tissue of the skin that contribute to its firmness and flexibility. Additionally, soybean oil has a protective effect on elastin as it inhibits the activity of certain elastases, enzymes that catalyze the hydrolysis of elastin.

Paired with its moisturizing properties, these effects of the soybean oil explain why it is commonly found in creams, serums, or balms aimed at slowing down skin sagging and reducing the appearance of wrinkles.

Soybean oil helps to soothe the skin.

An ally for sensitive skin, soybean oil is soothing and calming. Its anti-inflammatory properties indeed allow it toreduce redness, irritation, and itching. From a biological perspective, soybean oil, and more specifically the lecithin in its composition, reduces the production of interleukin 1-β (IL-1-β) and tumor necrosis factor (TNF-α), which are pro-inflammatory cytokines. Lecithin also acts on the signaling pathway related to the nuclear factor NF-κB, which is involved in the synthesis of these cytokines.

Finally, it has been demonstrated that this compound suppresses the transcriptional activation of the gene coding for cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), a key enzyme in the biosynthesis of pro-inflammatory prostaglandins. Thus, soybean oil acts at various levels of inflammation to soothe and relieve the skin.

Soybean oil to slow down hair regrowth?

Finally, it appears that soy has another, lesser-known property: it inhibits hair growth. Indeed, a few scientists report this effect, although the mechanism behind it is not fully understood. A study was conducted with three men who have dark beards and shave every day. For six weeks, they applied soy milk to half of their face immediately after shaving. By the end of the fourth week, the hair in the treated area was softer to the touch and the area appeared more sparse. A computer-assisted analysis quantified these observations. The results are compiled in the table below:

Evaluated CriteriaResults after 4 weeks
Number of HairsReduction of approximately 28%
Hair LengthReduction of approximately 25%
Hair ThicknessReduction of approximately 27%

It would thus appear that soy may be a valuable active ingredient for slowing hair growth. However, caution is advised. Indeed, although the results of this study are encouraging, it's important to note that it was based only on three volunteers. Furthermore, it was not soy oil that was used, but soy milk, which has a slightly different biochemical composition. If future studies are conducted using soy oil and a larger number of participants, it would be interesting to see if they arrive at the same conclusions.

Sources

  • BUCK D. Antioxidants in soya oil. Journal of the American Oil Chemists’ Society (1981).

  • SHAPIRO S. & al. Soymilk reduces hair growth and hair follicle dimensions. Experimental Dermatology (2001).

  • BERARDESCA E. & al. The cosmetic treatment of wrinkles. Journal of cosmetic dermatology (2004).

  • MURTAZA G. & al. Dermatological and cosmeceutical benefits of Glycine max (soybean) and its active components. Acta Polonia Pharmaceutica (2015).

  • KIM J. Y. et KIM L. Chondroprotective effect of curcumin and lecithin complex in human chondrocytes stimulated by IL-1β via an anti-inflammatory mechanism. Food Science and Biotechnology (2018).

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