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The Green Tea Extract: Its Benefits for the Skin.

Green tea is a beverage known for its numerous health benefits. Its extract can also be incorporated into cosmetic products for its beneficial properties for the skin. Let's explore together all the benefits of this natural ingredient when applied topically.

Green tea extract to delay skin aging.

Recent studies have demonstrated thatgreen tea extract is capable ofinhibiting certain enzymes that play a role in skin aging. These include metalloproteinases, which are involved in the proteolytic degradation of extracellular matrix proteins, hyaluronidase, which catalyzes the hydrolysis of hyaluronic acids, and collagenase, which is responsible for breaking down the peptide bonds of collagen. By inhibiting these processes, green tea extract can delay skin aging. However, the precise mechanisms through which it operates remain unknown to this day.

The green tea extract has moisturizing properties.

Green tea extract is also valued for its moisturizing benefits for the skin, which come from the catechins it contains. Studies in vitro have highlighted that these molecules increase the expression of genes related to NMFs (Natural Moisturizing Factors). NMFs are a set of hygroscopic substances located within the corneocytes of the epidermis. Their role is to ensure the hydration of the stratum corneum.

The moisturizing effect of green tea extract has also been highlighted in vivo, during a study conducted on 24 volunteers. This study showed that the daily application on the forearm of a moisturizing cream containing 6% green tea extract for a month significantly increased the overall hydration of the skin and its suppleness. By enhancing skin hydration, green tea extract not only contributes to its protection, but also to the prevention of dehydration fine lines.

The green tea extract is an antioxidant.

The polyphenols found in green tea extract also allow it to protect cellular constituents from oxidative stress. Notably, they are capable of increasing the activity of antioxidant enzymes, such as superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione peroxidase (GPx). These are essential proteins for the mechanism of eliminating free radicals. Polyphenols can also bind to certain metals involved in the generation of these reactive species (copper, iron...). In doing so, polyphenols prevent them from producing free radicals.

Furthermore, studies have shown that these compounds have a protective effect on certain antioxidants such as vitamins C and E. Green tea extract is thus a highly appreciated natural ingredient for skin lacking radiance or heavily exposed to pollution. The protection it provides to DNA, cells, and proteins in the body also contributes to delaying skin aging.

The green tea extract has anti-inflammatory activity.

Green tea extract derives its anti-inflammatory properties from its catechins, polyphenolic compounds that reduce the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines, such as interleukins 6 and 8 (IL-6 and IL-8) and tumor necrosis factor (TNF-α), which are responsible for pathological phenomena. In addition, catechins decrease the activity of nuclear factor kappa-B (NF-κB), a regulatory protein for several genes encoding inflammation proteins. Therefore, green tea extract is considered an interesting ingredient for combating redness and itching. It is regularly incorporated into treatments intended for acne-prone skin.

The green tea extract is mattifying.

Thegreen tea extract is considered a friend to oily skin due to its mattifying and sebum-regulating properties. If we delve into the biological mechanisms, it is once again the catechins that are at work. They inhibit the activity of 5-alpha-reductase, an enzyme that catalyzes the transformation of testosterone into dihydrotestosterone, which in turn activates the synthesis of sebum by the sebaceous glands. The mattifying effect provided by the green tea extract has also been evaluated in various in vivo studies. One of them notably showed that the daily application of a cream containing 3% green tea extract on the faces of 10 volunteers for 8 weeks resulted in a 60% reduction in their sebum production.

Green tea extract to fade brown spots?

Green tea extract has photoprotective properties and helps to prevent issues ofhyperpigmentation. Scientists have indeed studied in vitro the effects of green tea catechins on melanogenesis and have shown that these molecules can inhibit the synthesis of the hormone α-MSH (α-melanocyte-stimulating hormone), a hormone that activates certain melanocortin receptors. These receptors trigger the production of melanin. However, it is important to note that no study has been directly conducted on people with hyperpigmentation. Therefore, caution should be exercised regarding the anti-brown spot properties of green tea extract.

Green tea extract to combat bacterial proliferation.

Green tea extract has proven antibacterial properties. Indeed, the polyphenols it contains are capable of limiting the growth of certain bacteria, such as Cutibacterium acnes, making it an excellent supplement for fighting acne. Polyphenols work by preventing pathogenic bacteria from binding to the host cell membrane. Moreover, researchers have suggested that they can inhibit quorum sensing, which is the communication between bacteria.

Discover our botanical blend with CBD.

At Typology, we have incorporated green tea extract into our CBD botanical blend. This treatment is suitable for all skin types, but is particularly adapted for sensitive and fragile skin, prone to redness (redness from hypersensitivity, redness due to the dilation of micro-vessels, and redness due to imperfections). Although they may have different causes, all skin redness share a common factor - skin inflammation.

This night serum soothes the skin and reduces the inflammation that causes various types of redness. It does this by combining the action of six botanical extracts with anti-inflammatory properties: cannabidiol (CBD), calendula oil macerate (Calendula Officinalis Flower Extract), hemp oil (Cannabis Sativa Seed Oil), black cumin oil (Nigella Sativa Seed Oil), sesame oil (Sesamum Indicum (Sesame) Seed Oil), and green tea extract (Camellia Sinensis Leaf Extract).

Sources

  • CHO J. & al. Skin Protective Effect of Epigallocatechin Gallate. International journal of molecular sciences (2018).

  • TENCOMNAO T. & al. A Review of the Role of Green Tea ( Camellia sinensis) in Antiphotoaging, Stress Resistance, Neuroprotection, and Autophagy. Nutrients (2019).

  • KUKULA-KOCH W. & al. Applications of Tea ( Camellia sinensis) and its Active Constituents in Cosmetics. Molecules (2019).

  • WILCZYNSKI S. & al. The Effects of Green Tea ( Camellia sinensis), Bamboo Extract ( Bambusa vulgaris) and Lactic Acid on Sebum Production in Young Women with Acne Vulgaris Using Sonophoresis Treatment. Healthcare (2022).

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