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Bienfaits vitamine K peau.

What are the benefits of Vitamin K for the skin?

Essential to the body, vitamin K plays a significant role in blood clotting and cell renewal. It simultaneously contributes to improving the appearance and healing of the skin. Discover the skin benefits of vitamin K in this article.

Benefit #1: Vitamin K has antioxidant properties.

Henk H. W. THIJSSEN and his colleagues wanted to test the antioxidant activity of the vitamin K cycle against lipoperoxidation, which is the degradation of lipids by oxidative stress, in rat liver fragments. They mixed liver proteins and the vitamin K epoxide reductase, an enzyme that reduces vitamin K to vitamin K-hydroquinone, then they initiated the vitamin K cycle reaction and incorporated oxidants to induce lipoperoxidation.

It is important to understand that in the vitamin K cycle, the latter is reduced to vitamin K-hydroquinone by the vitamin K epoxide reductase.

The antioxidant activity was measured by the quantity of substances reactive to thiobarbituric acid (TBARS), which are degradation products of lipids. The results show a inhibition of lipid peroxidation by the cycle of Vitamin K. The effect of Vitamin K was concentration-dependent, with a 90% inhibition at a concentration of 1 µM. Additionally, a decrease in lipid peroxidation was observed with the increase in levels of Vitamin K-hydroquinone.

The antioxidant species in the vitamin K cycle would thus be the vitamin K-hydroquinone. The observed effect is likely due to the disruption of the free radical chain that causes lipid peroxidation. Biological membranes are vulnerable to peroxidation reactions, initiated by free radicals produced during oxidative stress. This can disrupt the integrity of the membranes, leading to cellular disturbances. It is therefore conceivable that vitamin K could have an antioxidant effect on the skin, and would protect it from the skin impact of oxidative stress such as the photoaging.

However, this study does not show any effect of vitamin K alone. More experiments on the subject are necessary to clarify these results.

Benefit #2: Vitamin K enhances wound healing.

In a 2019 study, Behnam GHORBANZADEH and his team sought to investigate the effects of a topical application of Vitamin K on the healing of skin wounds in humans. For this purpose, 63 patients, for whom electrocautery (destruction of unwanted tissues) was indicated, were recruited for a trial. After electrocautery, some patients received a 1% Vitamin K cream, while others (controls) received a commercially available healing cream. The condition of the wound was evaluated two weeks later.

The results showed that the application of Vitamin K improved wound healing from the fourth day, with statistical significance from the seventh day (from 6 mm to 0 mm in width over 14 days) compared to the control group (from 6 mm to 2 mm in 14 days). Furthermore, the average healing time was 12.4 days and 10.6 days in the control and Vitamin K groups, respectively. Therefore, the use of topical Vitamin K could potentially accelerate the healing process.

Topical Vitamin K may promote wound healing due to its ability to increase the formation of fibroblasts, collagen, blood vessels, and the content of hydroxyproline, an amino acid involved in collagen synthesis. Additionally, it has been reported that blood coagulation can coordinate wound healing. Given that Vitamin K has a known effect on blood coagulation, this could contribute to its mode of action.

Furthermore, reactive oxygen species (ROS) play a central role in the pathogenesis of skin wounds. Overproduction of ROS during oxidative stress leads to delayed wound healing. Therefore, Vitamin K could potentially improve wound healing, possibly by eliminating ROS considering its antioxidant capacity.

However, further studies aimed at elucidating the exact mechanism of action of Vitamin K in wound healing will be necessary to confirm this.

Benefit #3: Vitamin K has anti-inflammatory properties.

Michio KOMAI and his colleagues aimed to identify an anti-inflammatory role of vitamin K by observing its effect on gene expression in the rat liver. They induced a vitamin K deficiency in rats through diet, then observed the genes affected by the deficiency. They found that the expression of a family of genes involved in the acute inflammatory response was higher in vitamin K deficient rats than in rats supplemented with vitamin K. The genes coding for α-1 acid glycoprotein (AGP), a marker of the inflammatory response, had a relative expression of 5 in the deficient rats compared to 0.5 in the controls.

They then orally supplemented other rats with vitamin K to observe its effect on inflammation induced by the lipopolysaccharide (LPS), which promotes the release of pro-inflammatory cytokines. The RNA level of the liver macrophage migration inhibitory factor, an inflammation marker, significantly decreased in the supplemented animals. These results suggest that orally ingested vitamin K could suppress the inflammatory response triggered by LPS.

Vitamin K1 also appears to suppress theincrease in the expression of IL-6, a pro-inflammatory cytokine involved in chronic inflammatory skin diseases. Therefore, the inflammation suppression by vitamin K could be mediated by the regulation of the expression of inflammatory cytokines. Additionally, LPS stimulates the production of IL-6 through the NF-kB pathway. Factors can modulate this pathway, such as the cAMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA), which inhibits the activation of NF-kB in human cells. Studies have shown that one of the analogs of vitamin K2, MK-4, could activate PKA. Consequently, the anti-inflammatory effect of orally administered vitamin K could be expressed through a inhibition of the NF-kB pathway.

Human studies could clarify these results.

Benefit #4: Vitamin K reduces blood circulation defects.

Leslie BAUMANN and her team wanted to study the effects of topical vitamin K on bruises following laser treatment for telangiectasias. 22 patients were divided into two groups: those in the first group applied a vitamin K cream (5%) to half of their face and a placebo to the other half twice a day for two weeks before the laser treatment, and those in the second group followed the same procedure for two weeks after the laser.

Bruises were assessed using a visual score. In the first group, there was no significant difference between the scores of the vitamin K cream (4.577) and the placebo (4.778). In the second group, there was a significant difference between the scores of the vitamin K cream (3.858) and the placebo (4.364).

In another study, Mohammad Ali SHATALEBI and Fatemeh AHMADRAJI evaluated the effectiveness in vivo of an anti-wrinkle and anti-dark circle eye patch composed of 3% caffeine and 1% vitamin K. An in vivo trial was conducted to visually study its effectiveness on 11 healthy women. They found that after four weeks, the skin around the eye of all subjects experienced a reduction in the pigmentation of dark circles compared to the use of a placebo. This result could suggest the effectiveness of vitamin K against dark circles.

It is therefore understood that the topical application of vitamin K could potentially improve bruises and other blood circulation alterations. No clear mechanism of action has been identified. However, its effect on blood coagulation can be presumed as potentially responsible, for instance, through the strengthening of vascular walls. These results represent a significant hope in the treatment of dark circles or conditions prone to micro-circulation blood defects such as rosacea.

Today, the vitamin K1 in its pure form is banned in cosmetics in Europe due to the risk of skin allergies it poses. Instead, brands use the vitamin K oxide (oxidized form), which is more stable and less irritating.

A study has shown that the efficacy of vitamin K1 oxide is similar to its pure form in treating post-operative redness. However, regarding the claimed antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects of vitamin K1, more evidence is needed.


  • THIJSSEN H. H. W. & al. The potent antioxidant activity of the vitamin K cycle in microsomal lipid peroxidation. Biochemical Pharmacology (1997).

  • BAUMANN L. & al. The effects of topical vitamin K on bruising after laser treatment. Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology (2002).

  • KOMAI M. & al. Vitamin K suppresses lipopolysaccharide-induced inflammation in the rat. Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry (2006).

  • AHMADRAJI F. & al. Evaluation of the clinical efficacy and safety of an eye counter pad containing caffeine and vitamin K in emulsified Emu oil base. Advanced Biomedical Research (2015).

  • GHORBANZADEH B. & al. Wound healing effects of topical vitamin K: A randomized controlled trial. Indian Journal of Pharmacology (2019).

  • MARREIROS C. & al. Vitamin K as a diet supplement with impact in human health: Current evidence in age-related diseases. Nutrients (2020).

  • KOU J. & al. Effect of vitamin K on wound healing: A systematic review and meta-analysis based on preclinical studies. Frontiers in Pharmacology (2022).


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