The area around the eyes is a sensitive region of the face and a marker of the passage of time. Indeed, it is here that wrinkles and other signs of skin sagging are most prevalent. From the age of fifty, they become more visible and pronounced. To diminish them, there are eye contour treatments available for mature skin.
Which eye contour should you choose at 50 and beyond?
- The needs of the eye contour from the age of 50
- Eye contour from the age of 50: what are the issues?
- From the age of 50: firming the eye contour
- The active ingredients to prioritize from the age of fifty
The needs of the eye contour from the age of 50.
At the age of 50, the area around the eyes is often very pronounced. Biologically, this can be explained by several phenomena. One can notably think of the significant decrease in ceramide synthesis in the stratum corneum. These lipids act as a barrier in the epidermis where they function as intercellular cement. This weakens the skin and makes it more prone to dehydration. It also loses structure and becomes hollowed out.
Furthermore, the loss of collagen and elastin in the dermis, coupled with the effect of gravity, causes the fatty tissues to sag downwards around the eye contour (adipose bags). This phenomenon is particularly exacerbated in women during the menopause, which typically occurs around the age of 50. Indeed, the drastic decrease in the production of estrogen during this period has a direct impact on the skin. These steroidal hormones are capable of stimulating the activity of fibroblasts, the dermal cells that synthesize collagen and elastin. Finally, menopause leads to a significant loss of bone density , further weakening the eye contour.
Eye contour from the age of 50: what are the issues?
From the age of fifty, the eye contour area often appears significantly aged and frequently presents wrinkles, visible bags, and deep-set dark circles... What we actually observe is a loss of overall structure in the area beneath the eyes, as well as in the brow ridge. The wrinkles are deep and the gaze appears tired, due to the various biological and physiological changes that have occurred in the skin.
From the age of 50: firming the eye contour.
The skin priority from the age of 50 is to tighten and smooth the skin. For this, it is beneficial to turn to firming cosmetic treatments, which help to tone the skin and increase its elasticity. The application of this type of eye contour treatment is beneficial for slowing down the aging process and somewhat reducing wrinkles, but it is important to note that it cannot act on fatty bags or hollow dark circles, which form due to the sagging of the skin of the lower eyelid.
If you wish to visibly reduce these signs, there are several techniques in aesthetic medicine and surgery available (hyaluronic acid or botox injections, ultrasound, laser...). However, we strongly recommend that you thoroughly inform yourself about the consequences and possible side effects before any procedure.
The active ingredients to prioritize from the age of fifty.
At the age of 50, it is recommended to turn to eye contour treatments formulated with powerful tensing and firming active ingredients, such as retinol. This derivative of vitamin A is a very popular molecule in skincare targeting signs of skin aging. Several studies have indeed shown its effectiveness in reducing the depth of wrinkles. When applied topically, retinol metabolizes into retinoic acid once absorbed by the skin and acts by binding to retinoid X receptors, thereby triggering a cascade of reactions leading, among other things, to the stimulation of collagen, elastin, and hyaluronic acid synthesis by fibroblasts.
To complete your routine, we recommend a hydrating eye contour. Indeed, we often observe a certain skin dryness during the fifties, particularly around the eye contour. Let's remember that the hydrolipidic film, which protects the skin from dehydration, is almost absent in this area, due to the low proportion of sebaceous glands. Thus, to remedy this lack, you can turn to hyaluronic acid, a molecule with hydrating properties. Depending on whether it is high or low molecular weight, hyaluronic acid either remains on the surface of the epidermis where it protects it from dehydration or penetrates more deeply to strengthen and stimulate the synthesis of natural hyaluronic acid.
Note : After applying the eye contour treatment, it is important to protect the entire face with a broad-spectrum sunscreen, including the area around the eye. Being very thin, it easily allows UV rays to penetrate. You can also opt for an eye contour treatment containing SPF.
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SIVAMANI R. & al. Prospective, randomized, double-blind assessment of topical bakuchiol and retinol for facial photoageing. British Journal of Dermatology (2019).