Pores are essential to the skin, primarily serving the function of expelling sebum. However, in some instances, they may enlarge, resulting in a "mandarin peel" skin appearance. To tighten the pores, several active ingredients are recommended in cosmetics. Is black seed oil one of them?
What are the origins of pore dilation?
Of varying sizes, pores are located at the end of the pilosebaceous canals that connect the sebaceous and sweat glands to the external environment. They allow sebum and sweat to pass through. Normally invisible, pores can become a source of insecurity when they are enlarged, giving the appearance of an uneven skin texture. Pores are generally considered enlarged when their diameter fluctuates between 0.06 and 0.1 mm.
Generally, pore dilation is followed by the appearance of blackheads. Combination to oily skin types are the most affected. Blackheads and dilated pores are primarily located in areas of the face where the skin is the most oily, such as the T-zone (forehead, nose, and chin). There are several factors contributing to pore dilation, including:
Hyperseborrhea : the size of the pores varies depending on the amount of sebum that the sebaceous glands produce. Indeed, its accumulation stretches the pores and gradually enlarges them.
Hyperkeratinization : another determining factor of pore size is the presence of a large number of dead cells on the skin. Their accumulation can also potentially clog the pores.
Aging: As we age, the decrease in collagen levels causes a loosening of various skin structures, including the pores. These then expand and occupy an increasingly larger surface area on the face.
Can black seed oil be used to tighten pores?
Theblack seed oil is obtained by cold pressing the seeds of the plant Nigella sativa. Known as the oil of the pharaohs, it has been used for over 2,000 years for its numerous virtues to take care of the skin and hair. Antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, healing... The various benefits of black seed oil allow it to be used in multiple ways. However, it is rare that it is used to tighten pores.
The key active ingredients to address this issue primarily have keratolytic properties. For instance, we can think of mandelic acid or glycolic acid , which, by weakening the bonds between the lipids in the horny layer, help to free the skin from its layer of dead cells. In doing so, the obstruction of the pores is gradually eliminated and the evacuation of sebum is facilitated. The sebum-regulating properties of jojoba oil are also useful in combating pore dilation. This vegetable oil can indeed regulate the flow of sebum responsible for dilated pores. Moreover, it strengthens the hydrolipidic film and soothes sensitive skin.
SEO S. J. & al. Facial pores: definition, causes, and treatment options. Dermatologic Surgery (2015).
KIM B. & al. Black Cumin ( Nigella sativa L.): A Comprehensive Review on Phytochemistry, Health Benefits, Molecular Pharmacology, and Safety. Nutrients (2021).