Understanding your skin type goes far beyond the terms "oily skin", "dry skin", "combination skin", or "normal skin". Several factors need to be considered, which can impact skin quality, and this is what we have taken into account in our skin diagnosis. Based on a scientific methodology, we have thus determined 24 different skin profiles, including the AP(+) type. What are its characteristics?
What does it mean to have AP(+) skin?
AP(+), what does this acronym stand for?
Skin Aging ABSENT
Oxidation Factor PROTECTED
Sebum Production HIGH (+)
The letter "A" stands for Absence of aging signs.
The letter "A" signifies thatno signs of aging are visible on the skin. Indeed, three main manifestations can affect the appearance of the face, namely wrinkles, skin sagging (loss of volume), and loss of density. Generally, the first signs of skin aging appear around the age of 25, reflecting the changes that occur in the different layers of the skin (slowing of cell renewal, reduction in lipid production, decline in the production of collagen, elastin, and hyaluronic acid, decrease in the size and number of fat cells...). Although aging is an inevitable process, it is possible to prevent and exert some control over the various factors affecting the speed of aging, and thus delay the appearance of signs of age.
The letter "P" stands for Protect against oxidation factors.
The letter "P" signifies that the skin is well protected against the sun's UV rays. Beyond their beneficial effects on mood or vitamin D secretion, excessive sun exposure is the main cause of premature skin aging and the onset of skin cancers. Indeed, UVA rays can cause dermal changes especially in the elastic tissue, and UVB rays lead to epidermal damage. Activation of free radicals, alteration of the cell membrane, DNA modification... UV rays act differently within skin cells to generate damage, which can alter the cell's function, cause its death, or trigger DNA mutations that eventually lead to the formation of cancerous cells. Thus, even though the skin has some defenses against UV rays (melanogenesis, endogenous antioxidant system...), it is important to regularly apply an adequate amount of a sunscreen product that is suitable for one's skin type and sun exposure conditions, to ensure reasonable exposure while minimizing risks.
The symbol "+" for high sebum production.
The AE(+) skin type is characterized by a production of sebum that is naturally high (hyperseborrhea). This excessive secretion is primarily physiological, determined by hormonal activity, although it is also influenced by environmental factors (body temperature, circadian rhythm, intake of certain medications, diet rich in fats and sugars, stress...). Although this skin type is well protected by a lipid-rich hydrolipidic film that covers the entire skin surface, this imbalance in sebum production can be a source of concern, with a greasy and shiny appearance at all times, an increased risk of developing pimples and blackheads, an enlargement of the pores, an irregular skin texture due to imperfections that create a micro-relief, and a dull complexion due to poor light reflection. However, being thicker and more resistant to aggressions, it is less prone to premature aging.