A rare and precious essential oil, it is appreciated for its recognizable floral scent, as well as its regenerative action on mature skin. In this article, find key information to know about this ingredient; including its method of extraction, its biochemical composition, its benefits in topical application, and its contraindications.
What you need to know about Damask Rose Essential Oil.
- The Damask Rose, a few words on its history
- How is Damask Rose essential oil obtained?
- What are the properties of Damask rose essential oil?
- Damask Rose Essential Oil: Instructions for Use and Contraindications
- In what types of skincare can one find Damask rose essential oil?
The Damask Rose, a few words on its history.
The rose has been cherished since antiquity, where it was regarded as the queen of flowers. It is mentioned in sacred texts, and its fragrance was reserved for kings, temples, and gods. Today, over 200 species of roses and more than 18,000 cultivars of the plant have been identified.
The Damask rose is said to be originally from Persia. It comes from the crossbreeding of three species of roses: Rosa Gallica, Rosa Phoenicia or Rosa Moschata and Rosa fedtschenkoana. The cultivation of wild roses dates back to 5,000 BC in China. However, the Damask rose arrived in France through the Crusades during the Middle Ages when French knights returned from Damascus.
At Typology, the Damask rose petals used to extract the essential oil used in our treatments come from either Bulgaria, Iran, Morocco, or Turkey.
How is Damask Rose essential oil obtained?
Its extraction process, known as complete steam distillation, has a low yield: 5 tons of petals only produce 1 kg of essential oil. Moreover, to best bring out its aromatic essence, the petals of Damask roses must undergo a double distillation :
The initial distillation is performed using petals. These are placed in a still and then subjected to steam, which is subsequently cooled in a condenser and collected in liquid form. Floating on the surface is the essential oil, less dense than the water used for extraction, which is none other than theDamask rose hydrosol.
The second distillation is none other than the redistillation of the previously obtained Damask rose hydrosol .
From an organoleptic perspective, theDamask rose essence appears as a liquid that can solidify below 20°C, with a light yellow color and the characteristic floral scent of rose.
What are the properties of Damask rose essential oil?
In cosmetic formulas, this natural ingredient goes by the I.N.C.I. name of "Rosa Damascena Flower Oil".
Incorporated into a skincare product, this essential oil is recognized for its revitalizing, regenerating, and healing properties. It is the essential oil most renowned for combating the signs of aging.Indeed, the monoterpenic alcohols it contains in large quantities (citronellol, nerol, and geraniol) tighten tissues, thus limiting the sagging of the skin that appears over the years. Moreover, it is antioxidant and protects the skin from external aggressions (sun, pollution, smoking...) that accelerate skin aging. Researchers have also demonstrated its ability to stimulate the expression of the collagen-I gene. As a reminder, collagen is a fibrous protein present in the dermis that provides flexibility and firmness to the skin. However, over the years, its production by the body tends to decrease, which leads to skin sagging and the appearance of wrinkles.
Furthermore,monoterpenic esters such as geranyl acetate found in this essential oil have a beneficial effect on acute and chronic skin inflammations.
Damask Rose Essential Oil: Instructions for Use and Contraindications.
Firstly, like the majority of essential oils, it is contraindicated during the first three months of pregnancy. After this period, it is advisable to seek a doctor's opinion before using it. It is also not recommended for children under 3 years of age.
Next, this essential oil containsseveral highly concentrated biochemical allergenic componentssuch as citronellol, geraniol, and nerol. Thesenatural compounds can pose a risk of allergy in certain sensitive individuals. Therefore, it is always advisable to perform askin tolerance testin the crook of the elbow 48 hours before using a skincare product withDamask rose essential oil.
Finally, it should never be applied directly to the skin. The pure Damask rose essential oil is so concentrated with active species that it should be diluted in a suitable vegetable oil to a maximum of 5%.
Take note! Susceptible to oxidation, this essential oil should be stored in its amber bottle and sealed airtight before being placed away from light and heat.
In what types of skincare can one find Damask rose essential oil?
Even though it is suitable for all skin types, it is still recommended for mature, fragile, irritated or tired skin. It can be adopted as part of a daily routine to compensate for lack of firmness, slow down skin aging or reduce redness. It is thus found in some lotions, tonics, serums, and creams.
Ourfirming tonercontains Damask rose essential oil combined with 0.1% of retinol, the ultimate skin-tightening active ingredient. This lotion, with a pH as acidic as the skin, rebalances the skin's pH after each cleansing. It also helps to remove the lime residues present in the water during cleansing. Rich in firming active ingredients, it reduces the appearance of wrinkles and fine lines and fights against skin sagging.
To apply it, soak a cotton pad with the firming lotion and then sweep it over your entire face, which should be previously cleansed, while avoiding the eye contour, only in the evening.
Note :We advise against its use for sensitive and reactive skin types, as well as for pregnant and/or breastfeeding women.
DHANABAL S. P. & al. Design and development of polyherbal based cream formulation with anti-skin ageing benefits. International Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research (2017).
FAUCON M. Traité d'aromathérapie scientifique et médicale - Les huiles essentielles - Fondements et aides à la prescription (2017).
AHMED Y. & al. Rosa damascene Mill. (Rose): A versatile herb in cosmetology. Tang Humanitas Medecine (2019).