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Différents types de cernes.

The Different Types of Dark Circles Under the Eyes.

Fatigue, poor circulation, insomnia, stress, etc… Dark circles under the eyes are among the most common cosmetic concerns. They are generally defined as a change in the pigmentation or relief of the lower eyelid. This makes the eyes look sadder and more tired. To overcome them, it is essential to know how to recognize them. Let’s talk about the types of dark circles. 

The Different Types of Dark Circles Under the Eyes.

Dark circles under the eyes are among the most common cosmetic concerns. They are largely defined as a change in pigmentation or relief of the lower eyelid. This makes the eyes look sadder and more tired. However, be careful not to confuse dark circles with bags, which correspond to a swelling of the lower eyelid.

There is no specific age for dark circles, but the problem can worsen with time, age, fatigue, stress and a poor lifestyle. Solutions exist to improve the appearance of the eye contour area. However, in order to determine the most appropriate treatment, it is important to know more about dark circles. Indeed, understanding the mechanism of formation of each type of dark circle makes it possible to find the strategies and active ingredients adapted to each of them. It is essential to know that there are three different types of dark circles.

Bluish or Vascular Circles.

Vascular under eye circles  are characterized by a more or less dark purplish pigmentation of the lower eyelid. This phenomenon is related to a failure of the blood and lymphatic microcirculation of the eye contour. Since circulation is too slow, blood pigments accumulate and are poorly evacuated, resulting in a purplish-blue color.

This type of dark circles mainly affects fair skin, whose skin more easily allows the bluish pigmentation to show through. Although the appearance of these dark circles has a genetic component and is also related to the aging process, they are also strongly dependent on lifestyle. Thus, the following factors that increase vasodilation should be avoided: smoking, alcohol and lack of sleep.

Our caffeine and niacinamide-based eye serum helps reduce the appearance of the bluish or vascular circles under the eyes by promoting blood microcirculation. Concentrated in decongesting active ingredients, it also helps reduce the swollen appearance of under-eye bags for a more luminous look.

Pigmented Circles or Periorbital Hyperpigmentation.

This dark circle type results from a deposit of melanin, forming a hyperpigmented spot that marks the entire perimeter of the eye. Typically, this hyperpigmentation is genetic and alters people with dark skin, who are more likely to have a high production of melanin in this area. However, these dark circles can also appear as a result of certain skin diseases.

To fade their pigmentation, turn to products containing vitamin C,Ferulic acid, etc…They are able to regulate and inhibit the production of melanin, thus correcting the complexion and preventing this pigmentation. 

Dark Circles Caused by Hollow or Sunken Eyes.

This type of dark circle is characterized by a pronounced shadow under the eyes. A particular bone structure of the face emphasizes the hollow under the eyes and makes the contours of the eye socket more visible. In this case, if the light comes from above, a shadow will appear under your eyes. On the contrary, frontal lighting will reduce this effect.

Sunken eyes can have a genetic origin or settle in gradually over time or after massive weight loss. As we age, the fatty pockets of the face, which lie between the skin and the orbital bone, empty out and the skin sags, forming a hollow ring.

Typology Tinted Concealer.

Our tinted concealer is a hybrid formula that is halfway between makeup that blurs dark circles and puffiness in one step and a treatment that moisturizes the eye area. It is enriched with caffeine, niacinamide, and cornflower water for a long-lasting action on the appearance of the different types of dark circles and puffiness.

Sources :

  • BANSAL S. & al. Periorbital hyperpigmentation: a comprehensive review. Journal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatology (2016).

  • TAN C. K. & al. Classification and characteristics of periorbital hyperpigmentation. Skin Research and Technology (2020).


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