What does it mean to have a VE(.) skin type?
VE(.), what is hidden behind these initials?
Skin Aging VISIBLE
Oxidation Factor OVERVIEW
Sebum Production BALANCED (.)
The "V" for Visible signs of aging.
The letter "V" indicates that the signs of aging have become visible and are becoming more frequent. Indeed, the fine lines at the corners of the mouth and at the corners of the eyes deepen with age, becoming more and more defined, meaning they are now visible both in motion and at rest. Additionally, new folds appear on new areas of the face such as the wrinkles between the eyebrows (frown lines) or the horizontal forehead wrinkles, depending on individual expressions. Apart from wrinkles, the complexion is uneven with pigmentation defects. These various marks that appear on the surface are the result of different changes that occur within all layers of the skin over the years.
A slowdown in the rate of keratinocyte renewal and a decrease in the adhesion of corneocytes are observed starting in the thirties, which impairs the skin's barrier function, making the epidermis more vulnerable to external aggressions, particularly UV rays. Aging is also marked by a decrease of 8 to 10% every 10 years in the cells that produce melanin, a pigment that protects against UV radiation, along with changes in their morphology and distribution, which causes irregular pigmentation on the skin's surface and the appearance of age spots. At the dermis level, the fibroblasts that synthesize collagen, hyaluronic acid, and elastin see their morphology and activity altered, leading to a decrease in the production of essential proteins for skin firmness and elasticity. These phenomena result in the formation of wrinkles.
The second letter "E" stands for Exposure to oxidation factors.
The "E" indicates that the skin is highly exposed to external aggressions (solar radiation, air pollution, tobacco, stress, alcohol...), as well as insufficient sun protection habits relative to the phototype and exposure rhythm. These factors promote the production of free radicals, highly unstable and reactive molecules that can have a lasting impact on the skin. However, this action is normal in all living organisms that consume oxygen.
However, in the event of an imbalance between the production of free radicals and the body's natural ability to neutralize them, oxidative stress sets in and skin damage occurs. Indeed, these reactive oxygen species contribute to the degeneration of skin cells, both at the level of the epidermis and the dermis. All vital components of the skin such as collagen, hyaluronic acid, elastin, lipids, and DNA find themselves under attack, thereby causing damage and dysfunctions.
This oxidation process can thus affect the structure of the skin, leading to premature skin aging or even cancer. Initially superficial wrinkles that gradually deepen, less toned skin, and a duller complexion can start to appear, even before aging. To slow down their action and thus prevent premature skin aging, the daily application of antioxidant-based treatments, in addition to an appropriate sun protection , is recommended.
The point "." for Balanced Sebum Secretion.
The "." indicates a balance in sebum production. Naturally produced by the sebaceous glands, the sebum is a fatty substance that helps the skin protect itself against external aggressions and fight against dryness by being part of the composition of the hydrolipidic film. Comfortable and soft to the touch, this skin type has a matte appearance without a shiny effect or "crocodile skin", and its skin texture is regular and uniform with pores tightened. It is naturally well hydrated, protected, and blemishes are rare. However, despite this skin balance, it also requires specific care to maintain its abilities and strengthen its regulation mechanisms.
Even with a balanced sebum production, if the skin is not properly protected, especially against the sun, and continues to be exposed to extrinsic factors (pollution, stress, tobacco...), the AE profile (.) is prone to developing signs of aging (sagging, pigmentation spots, wrinkles...), thereby accelerating the skin's aging process.